April 13, 2011 | Author: PM Hut | Filed under: Project Management Advantages
Calculating the Benefits of Project Management
By Jolyon Hallows
Project managers love to pronounce how much good project management will save a company. Projects will be delivered sooner, costs will be lower, benefits will be realized earlier, birds will sing, and flowers will bloom.
Unfortunately, whenever some gimlet-eyed pencil-pushing executive has the temerity to ask “How much could we save?” the project manager is stuck because he or she doesn’t have an actual number; the “benefits” of project management consist of vague generalities.
Certainly, project budget and schedule slippages cost money. But how much money? If we could calculate these costs across all of our projects, we’d know how much good project management could save us. That’s the point of this article.
The budget costs are easy to calculate. If the original budget was $x and the final expenditures totaled $y, then if $y is greater than $x, the project exceeded its budget, and the overrun was $y - $x. We can put these numbers for all of our completed projects onto a spreadsheet and calculate just how much we lost because of budget overruns.
But what if the project slipped its schedule? How can we calculate what that cost us in monetary terms? Let’s take a look.
How does a schedule slippage cost money? In two ways. First, because the schedule slipped, there is a delay in realizing the benefits of the project. For example, if a new system saved you $10,000 a month, but its project slipped by three months, that slippage cost you $30,000 in savings that you’ll never get back.
Alternatively, if the project developed a new product or service that produced monthly revenues of $250,000, then the three-month slippage means that $750,000 was deferred for three months. If your annual internal return on investment is ten percent, that deferral cost you (10% / 12 * $750,000 * 3) $18,750.
The second way that a schedule slippage costs money is the cost of the extra time for your people. For example, if your project slipped by three months and you had just two full-time people working on it, then you have to pay for an additional six months of effort. If your project budget is charged for the labor costs of your team, then this extra cost is included in your project budget overrun. If not, then the cost of this extra effort has to be calculated.
To do so, determine the average annual salary of the members of your team. For example, assume that, on average, the people on your team are paid $75,000 per year. Now gross up that amount by 25% for benefits, giving an average annual cost per person of $93,750, which means that the slippage cost you, in salary and benefits, a total of ($93,750 / 12 * 6) $46,875.
If we look at these figures, and assume that the slippage resulted in deferred revenue, then the three-month slippage cost you ($18,750 + $46,875) $65,625.
But this is for just one project. How can we extend this type of calculation across all of your projects? There are three steps.
The first step is to convert the project slippage costs of $65,625 into a number that can be compared to similar numbers from other projects. We’ll calculate the slippage costs per day of the original project estimate. For example, if the original project was estimated to take five months on the calendar, that translates to 105 days (at 21 workdays per month). Therefore, this project’s slippage cost you about ($65,625 / 105) $625 for each day of the original estimate. We’ll call this number the “slippage cost factor.”
The second step is to select two or three other typical projects that you have completed and repeat these calculations for them, giving a slippage cost factor for each of them. Now average these numbers to give you an average slippage cost factor. For example, let’s say that three other projects produced slippage cost factors of $391, $615, and $404 respectively. Including the $625 from the project we calculated earlier, that gives an average across all four projects of about $509.
Finally, list all of the projects in your portfolio and the estimated duration for each one. Some projects will span years, so estimate the percent that will be done in the current year. Total the durations for the current year for all projects, then apply the average slippage cost factor to the total. For example, if all the projects that were executed this year were estimated to take 185 months to complete, that is a total of (185 * 21) 3,885 days. Applying the average slippage cost factor of $509 per day of original estimate, slipped projects cost you (3,885 * $509) $1,977,465.
That is the potential savings from implementing good project management practices. Will you recover the entire amount? Probably not: even well-managed projects can slip. But will you recover more than it would cost you to put good project management in place? Almost certainly.
Jolyon Hallows is an accomplished project manager. He has written two professional books on project management, he is on the faculty of a university diploma program in project management, and he has personally trained over a thousand project managers worldwide. Learn how he can train your project managers at http://www.westwindconsulting.com.